Line represents exponential fit to the plotted points. To our surprise, we observed the phenotype usually associated with the high fat-fed-mouse model. Applicable institutional and governmental regulations concerning the ethical use of animals were followed. Fecal collection was done while each mouse was transiently removed from the cages for the weekly body weight and food intake measurements.
No attempt is made here to indicate a specific requirement. Cecal DNA was also extracted from the entire cecal content.
Chow feeding, but not inulin supplementation, increased the bacterial diversity. Effect of various dietary supplements on growth and lactation in the albino mouse. Because soluble fermentable fiber ingestion affects intestinal microbiota, we used fiber-containing diets to determine the intestinal microbial condition that could reduce the presence of Clostridium XI.
Growth And Reproduction The growth rates published by Poiley for 38 stocks and strains of mice show an approximately twofold difference between the slowest and fastest growing mice. For a more in-depth discussion of the trace element requirements, see Chapter 2.
For male mice, purified diets will support growth rates up to 1. At least replicate animals should be used for each time-point. Additionally, the MC4R appears to have a specific role in regulating homeostatic responses to dietary fat.
The fat composition was Lard Since choline can be synthesized from methionine see Chapter 2and its metabolism is influenced by folic acid and vitamin B12a minimum requirement for choline is difficult to establish.
Growth and development in postnatally zinc-deprived mice. This amount provides an adequate concentration of choline for diets containing optimal concentrations of methionine.
Signs of Vitamin E Toxicity Yasunaga et al. Although fat deposition slightly increases with the diet, it still remains lower than that of control animals fed the standard diet alone.
Zidenberg-Cherr, Dept. However, these studies did not examine the prevalence of C. There were acute and chronic inflammations on necrosis of individual hepatic cells. Bell et al.
Raise only animals per cage and monitor any aggressive behavior. Vitamin E Bryan and Mason observed fetal resorption in vitamin E-deficient female mice similar to that observed in rats but observed no evidence of testicular injury in vitamin E-deficient males.
Calibrated spectra were exported to. The OD of the supernatant was measured to estimate the total fecal microbial recovery before DNA extraction [ 21 ]. Defective sensing of CCK demonstrated in the MC4R knockout might have some impact on homeostatic responses to dietary fat, because CCK release is induced primarily by fat and protein 9Bauer and Berg () found that arginine could be deleted from the DL-amino acid diet of mice gaining g/day.
A level of percent arginine should meet the requirements of mice with a growth potential of 1 g/day. The requirement for L-histidine is percent of the diet for mice gaining more than 1 g/day (John and Bell, ).
10/1/ · Western diet–fed mice gained significantly more total and visceral adipose tissue compared with standard diet–fed mice (Fig. 7A and B); however, lean body mass was unchanged (data not shown).
Naringenin dose-dependently attenuated adiposity so that 3% naringenin–fed mice were similar to standard diet–fed mice (Fig. 7A and B).Cited by: 8/2/ · As the gut microbiota contributes to metabolic health, it is important to determine specific diet-microbiota interactions that influence host metabolism.
Bile acids and dietary fat source can alter phenotypes of diet-induced obesity, but the interplay with intestinal microorganisms is unclear. Here, we investigated metabolic consequences of diets enriched in primary bile acids with or without Cited by: 3.
10/2/ · Mice were killed at the end of dietary treatment. Some 8-wk Inulin-diet mice were switched to the Control diet for another 4 weeks of fecal collection and then killed. Cecal content was collected from the dissected cecum after mice were killed by cervical dislocation at the end of the h light elbfrollein.com: Wei Zheng, Kairui Wang, Yijun Sun, Shiu-Ming Kuo.
9/21/ · DOR/TP53INP2 acts both at the chromosomal level as a nuclear co-factor e.g. for the thyroid hormone receptor and at the extrachromosomal level as an organizing factor of the autophagosome.
In a previous study, DOR was shown to be down-regulated in skeletal muscle of obese diabetic Zucker fa/fa rats.
To identify sites of differential DOR expression in metabolically active tissues, we measured Cited by: 3. GF mice to HFD, i.e., their susceptibility to develop diet-induced obesity, depends on the type of high-calorie diet given to the animals, with a particular importance of dietary fat source .
Kübeck et al.  demonstrated that GF mice fed a HFD based on lard were resistant to diet-induced obesity, whereas those fed palm oil wereCited by: 3.